2.5 Europe Post World War I

Which countries fought in World War I?

Step 1: Go to the ArcGIS Online map, Post-WWI & The League of Nations, and explore the map.

  • What were the two alliances during WWI?

Step 2: Click the button, Bookmarks, and select Europe.

  • Which countries made up the Central Powers? 
  • Which countries made up the Allied Powers?

How did World War I change Europe’s boundaries?

Step 3: Open and read the map note located in France.

  • Which countries negotiated the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?

Step 4: With the Details button depressed, click the button Content.

Step 5: Turn on the layer, Europe 1920. The layer, Europe 1916, should also be on.

Step 6: Turn on and off the Europe 1920 layer to see the boundary changes.

  • What happened to Germany and Austria-Hungary after World War I?
  • What are some of the countries that were created? 

Which countries were members of the League of Nations?

Step 7: Turn off the layer, Europe 1916 and Europe 1920.

Step 8: Open and read the map note located in Switzerland. 

Step 9: Turn on the layer, League of Nations 1920.

Step 10: Click the buttons, Bookmarks, and select League of Nations.

  • Why was the League of Nations created?
  • What patterns do you notice?

Step 11: Turn off the layer, League of Nations. 

What were A, B, and C mandates?

Step 12: Turn on the layer, The Mandates 1923. Open and read the map note located in Turkey. 

  • What was the purpose of the mandate systems?

Step 13: Click the button, Bookmarks, and select Class A Mandates. 

Step 14: Click and read each mandate.

  • What are some countries that were once Class A mandates? 
  • Which countries administered them?

Step 15: Press the button, Bookmarks. Select Class B Mandates. 

  • Where were the Class B mandates located? 

Step 16: Press the button, Bookmarks, and select Class C Mandates.

  • Where were most Class C mandates located?

How did the Treaty of Versailles affect Europe and the Middle East?

Step 17: Turn on the layer, Europe 1920. Select the Europe bookmark.

  • Which areas were likely potential hotspots for the League of Nations?

Step 18: Press the button, Bookmarks. Select Class A Mandates.

  • What are some likely issues that arose with these mandates?

Step 19: Turn on the layer, Kurdistan.

Today, Kurdistan is a stateless nation, or a group of people with a common culture (nation) who do not operate as an independent political unit (state).

  • How does Kurdistan reflect the decision made after World War I? 

License

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World Regional Geography Lab Manual by R. Adam Dastrup, MA, GISP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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