5.3: North American Trade

What is the gross national income (GNI)?

Step 1: Go to the ArcGIS Online map, North American Trade, and explore the map.

Step 2: With the Details button underlined, click the button, Show Contents.

A simple formula to understand gross national income. GNI = gross domestic product + {(income from citizens and business earned abroad) – (income of foreigners living in the country sent back to their home countries)}

Step 3: In the map, click Canada, Mexico, and the United States to answer the following question.

  • What is the 2014 GNI of each country?

Which countries are the top trading partners of Canada?

Step 4: Uncheck the box to the left of the layer name, GNNI 2014.

Step 5: Turn on the layer, Imports/Exports – North American Countries.

Step 6: On the map, click Canada. Pause your pointer over the pie graph segments to view the percentage of exports.

  • Which country does Canada import from the most?
  • Canada exports 25 percent more goods to the United States than it imports from the United States, and it exports fewer goods to China than it imports from China. (T/F)

Which countries are the top trading partners of Mexico?

Step 7: On the map, click on Mexico. Pause your pointer over the pie graph segments to view the percentage of exports.

  • Which country does Mexico export to the most?

Step 8: Click the arrow to the right of the export graph to view imports to Mexico.

  • Which country does Mexico import from the most?
  • Mexico exports most goods to the United States, with almost half of its imports from the United States, 18 percent from China, and 4 percent from Japan. (T/F)

Which countries are the top trading partners of the United States?

Step 10: On the map, click on the United States. Paus your pointer over the pie graph segments to view the percentage of exports.

  • Which country does the United States export to the most?

Step 11: Click the arrow to the right of the export graph to view imports to the United States.

  • Which country does the United States import from the most?
  • The United States exported more goods to Canada and Mexico than it imported from them; to China, the United States exported a third of what it imported; and a small amount of approximately equal exports and imports were made from/to Japan.

How does trade compare in other parts of the world?

  • Can you draw any connections between the GNI and trade in North American countries?

Step 12: Click the World bookmark. Turn on the layer, Imports/Exports – All Countries. Click on a country in Asia, Europe, Africa, and South America to answer the following question.

  • How does trade vary in those countries compared to in North America?

License

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World Regional Geography Lab Manual by R. Adam Dastrup, MA, GISP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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