Ask: When did African countries gain their independence?
Step 1: Go to the ArcGIS Online map, African Independence, and explore the map.
Step 2: Observe the dates of independence.
- Which countries were independent before 1945?
- How many years passed between the first and second countries gaining independence?
- During what year did most countries gain independence?
- Which country was the last to achieve independence? When?
Acquire: How did the Paths to African Independence differ?
Step 3: With the Details button depressed, click the button (Show) Contents.
Step 4: Check the box to the left of the layer name, Paths to Independence.
Step 5: To view the legend, click the layer name, Paths to Independence.
- Which method of achieving independence was used most often?
- Which countries resulted in civil wars?
Civil Wars impact the way of life in a country because the government tends to invest more in the military and crowds out social investments and creates internally displaced people, refugees, and more.
Explore: What challenges did Africans seeking independence overcome?
Step 6: Turn on the Case Studies layer, and use the bookmarks and pushpins to answer the following questions.
- Many French citizens settled in Algeria and also opposed that nation’s independence. (T/F)
- How did Ghana gain independence?
- The USA and the USSR were involved with Zaire (Congo, DRC) because each country backed the same leader. (T/F)
- How did Kenya gain independence?
- The leaders of the “rebellion” became leaders of the country after independence in Kenya and South Africa.
Analyze: What challenges did African governments face after independence?
- A coup d’état is the sudden, violent overthrow of an existing government by a small group. What are some reasons that a government would be overthrown?
Step 7: Turn on the layer, Number of Coups to 2010.
- Which areas of Africa have had the fewest coups?
- Which two countries experienced the most coups from independence to 2010?
Act: Why do the number of coups differ?
Step 8: Click a symbol for coups and read the pop-ups.
Step 9: Compare the number of coups with the method of achieving independence.
- Many of the countries with large numbers of coups had peaceful transitions to independence, while most of the countries with guerrilla warfare have had fewer coups. (T/F)