Case Study: Sudan and South Sudan

The purpose of this case study is to look at the geopolitical situation in Sudan and South Sudan. This will include the birth of both nations, the civil unrest that has repeatedly occurred, and how that unrest has lead to civil wars, rape and famine used as weapons of war, and even genocide.

Understanding the Nation-State of Sudan


  • Describe who the colonial power was that controlled Sudan before its independence. 
  • Explain how and why the southern region of Sudan chose to separate to create South Sudan. 
  • Describe how exporting oil changed the geopolitics and trade in Sudan and South Sudan with other nations like China. 

Darfur, Sudan

  • Briefly describe the genocide that occurred in Darfur, Sudan in the 2000s.
  • Share your thoughts on Emtithal “Emi” Mahmoud’s poem on the Darfur genocide. 

The New Nation-State of South Sudan

Read The Conflict in South Sudan, Explained by Vox News.

  • Explain why South Sudan sought independence from Sudan.
  • Describe the current civil war in South Sudan. Explain who is involved and why.

Famine as a Weapon of War

  • Describe the four man-made famines occurring in the region and what is causing them?
  • Explain what is causing the current famine in South Sudan.
  • Describe how famine in South Sudan is being used as a weapon of war.

Rape as a Weapon of War

  • Describe how nations have used rape as a weapon of war.  
  • Explain how rape is being used in South Sudan to control the people.


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World Regional Geography Lab Manual by R. Adam Dastrup, MA, GISP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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