The Americas’ Migration Crisis

In order to fully understand the current “border crisis” along the United States-Mexico border, it is important to research the larger narrative of migration along The Americas. The situation along the U.S. border is complex and requires a true understanding of the geopolitical issues of these regions.

  • Analyze the migration crisis in South America, with an emphasis on Venezuela and Columbia.
  • Analyze the migration crisis in Central America, with a focus on Guatemala and Hondorus.
  • Analyze the migration crisis in North America, with a focus on Mexico and the United States.

Project description

You will identify the real and current situation regarding illegal immigration along the United States’ southern border. The foundation for your assignment will be your understanding of the historical and geographic situation in South America, Central America, and North America. You should research and develop a proposal on the following:

South America (Venezuela and Columbia)

  • What is the historical context of Venezuela and Columbia? Specifically, what is the geographic and historical context the current migrant crisis is situated in?
  • What is the cause of the current unrest in Venezuela and Columbia?
  • What is the current situation in relation to the unrest and the migration of the people?
  • What role does the political unrest within these countries have on the Mexico-United States border?
  • What could the United States do to help the situation in Venezuela and Columbia? 

Central America (Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala)

  • What is the historical context of Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala? Specifically, what is the geographic and historical context the current migrant crisis is situated in?
  • What is the cause of the current unrest in Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala?
  • What is the current situation in relation to the unrest and the migration of the people?
  • What role does the political unrest within these countries have on the Mexico-United States border?
  • What could the United States do to help the situation in Central America?

North America (Mexico and the United States)

  • What is the historical context of Venezuela and Columbia? Specifically, what is the geographic and historical context the current migrant crisis is situated in?
  • What is the current situation in relation to the unrest and the migration of the people?
  • What role does the political unrest within these countries have on the Mexico-United States border?
  • What is the current status of migrants on the Mexican side of the border?
  • Why so so many migrants coming from the southern border of the United States are seeking asylum? What is American policy regarding asylum seekers? Why are the migrants at the border seeking asylum and why is the federal government of the United States considering not giving them asylum status?
  • Why did the United States separate children from parents who were illegally crossing the border? What about
  • What are the facts regarding the federal government putting children in detention centers?
  • What are sanctuary cities and what are their purpose? What positive benefits and negative consequences come with sanctuary cities?

You will produce an artifact, analyzing in depth, the context of the migration crisis within the Americas’. Your written analysis should identify the problem, persuade the reader that the problem needs to be addressed, and then lay out a specific plan that readers could implement.

Requirements

For this assignment, you may use the videos and websites provided, the textbook for the course, and other credible resources to explain the geopolitical situations within these regions of the Americas and along the Mexico-United States border.

For this assignment, you may use the videos and websites provided, the textbook form this course or other courses you have taken, and other credible resources to explain the migration situation in the Americas. Your project must include the following:

  • 1500-2000 word proposal discussing the problem and proposed solution.
  • 5-6 sources (cited in APA or MLA format) from credible sources for each section (e.g. South America, Central America, and North America). To help build your information literacy skills, consider the following:
  • Images and/or videos for each section that help visually communicate your narrative. In order to not violate copyright laws, consider using the search engine created by Creative Commons.
  • Reflections on the assignment.
  • Submit your research and proposal within your ePortfolio or another digital format.

Reflection

Finally, you will need to write their own 300-500-word reflection on the signature assignment. In your ePortfolio, reflect on the following:

  • What did you take away from the assignment regarding migration in the Americas (point to specific examples and experiences with working on the assignment)?
  • Should the United States allow migrations from South and Central America into the country? Explain why or why not.
  • What are some positive consequences for letting migrants from the southern border enter the United States legally?
  • What are some negative consequences for letting migrants from the southern border enter the United States legally?

South America

A potential geographic location to start analyzing the United States border crisis is south of the border; really south of the border. Though not all of the migrants coming into the United States come from South America, it can not be discounted either.

Potential Resources

Bahar, D. (2018, October 23). Latin America Is Facing a Refugee Crisis. Retrieved from https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/venezuela/2018-10-23/latin-america-facing-refugee-crisis

Calamur, K. (2018, September 23). Latin America Gets Its Own Migrant Crisis. Retrieved April 16, 2019, from The Atlantic website: https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2018/09/venezuela-migrants/570979/

Facing an Unprecedented Migration Crisis in Latin America and the Caribbean. (n.d.). Retrieved April 16, 2019, from the World Bank website: http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/opinion/2019/03/29/america-latina-y-el-caribe-frente-a-una-crisis-migratoria-sin-precedentes

Fleeing Venezuela, migrants flood Colombia amid region’s worst humanitarian crisis in decades. (n.d.). Retrieved April 16, 2019, from USA TODAY website: https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2018/11/19/venezuela-colombia-migrants-nicolas-maduro-humanitarian-crisis-migrants-food-and-medicine-shortages/1808395002/

‘I can’t go back’: Venezuelans are fleeing their crisis-torn country en masse. Retrieved April 16, 2019, from Washington Post website: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/world/wp/2018/03/02/feature/i-cant-go-back-venezuelans-are-fleeing-their-crisis-torn-country-en-masse/

Latin America grapples with migrant exodus that looks set to worsen… (2018, December 27). Reuters. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-latam-immigration-forecast-analysis-idUSKCN1OQ0DO

Millions of Venezuelans are fleeing to Latin American cities. The region may never be the same. Retrieved April 16, 2019, from Washington Post website: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/world/wp/2018/08/30/feature/millions-of-venezuelans-are-fleeing-to-latin-american-cities-the-region-may-never-be-the-same/

Venezuela’s migration crisis: Is enough being done? (2018, September 19). Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-45546650

Venezuela

Columbia

Central America

A large portion of the migrants (some will also say caravans) coming to the United States are coming directly from Central America. There is a strong historical reason why so many from Central America migrate to the United States, and a lot has to do with our nation’s governmental policies and military action. This has helped create situations of governmental corruption, crime, poverty, and violence in the region.

Potential Resources

Central American Child Migrants. (n.d.). Retrieved April 16, 2019, from UNICEF USA website: https://www.unicefusa.org/mission/emergencies/child-refugees/central-american-child-migrants

Chronicling the Reasons Central Americans Migrate to the United States – The New York Times. (n.d.). Retrieved April 16, 2019, from https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/21/lens/central-americans-migrate-united-states.html

Fleeing a hell the US helped create: why Central Americans journey north | US news | The Guardian. (n.d.). Retrieved April 16, 2019, from https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/dec/19/central-america-migrants-us-foreign-policy

How US foreign policy in Central America may have fueled the migrant crisis. (n.d.). Retrieved April 16, 2019, from USA TODAY website: https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2018/12/21/has-united-states-foreign-policy-central-america-fueled-migrant-crisis-donald-trump/2338489002/

Humanitarian crisis in Central America. (n.d.). Retrieved April 16, 2019, from Doctors Without Borders – USA website: https://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/humanitarian-crisis-central-america

Lind, D. (2019, April 11). Nine questions about the border crisis you were too embarrassed to ask. Retrieved April 16, 2019, from Vox website: https://www.vox.com/2019/4/11/18290677/border-immigration-illegal-asylum-central-america-mexico-trump

Semple, K. (2019, April 15). Central American Farmers Head to the U.S., Fleeing Climate Change. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/13/world/americas/coffee-climate-change-migration.html

Why People Are Fleeing Honduras & Guatemala – Central American Refugee Crisis. (n.d.). Retrieved April 16, 2019, from https://www.unrefugees.org/emergencies/central-america/

Honduras

El Salvador

Guatemala

North America

The final section of this assignment ends where this assignment began. There have been multiple stories about “caravans” coming from the south, “caging of children,” sanctuary cities, “national emergencies” regarding the people coming across the border, and more. So it is important to cut through the political drama and find the truth to the situation.

Potential Resources

Badger, E., & Irwin, N. (2019, April 24). Trump Says the U.S. Is ‘Full.’ Much of the Nation Has the Opposite Problem. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/09/upshot/trump-america-full-or-emptying.html

Immigration – CBS News. (n.d.). Retrieved April 17, 2019, from https://www.cbsnews.com/immigration-crisis/

Is there a crisis on the US-Mexico border? (2019, February 15). Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-44319094

Lind, D. (2019, April 11). 9 questions about the border crisis you were too embarrassed to ask. Retrieved April 16, 2019, from Vox website: https://www.vox.com/2019/4/11/18290677/border-immigration-illegal-asylum-central-america-mexico-trump

Migrants at the US-Mexico border: Overcoming walls and prejudice. (n.d.). Retrieved April 16, 2019, from https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/talktojazeera/inthefield/2019/01/migrants-mexico-border-overcoming-walls-prejudice-190131212005985.html

Noah, T. (n.d.). Immigration crisis? The stats tell a different story. Retrieved April 17, 2019, from POLITICO website: https://politi.co/2Qfhyao

Settlement paves way for Central American kids to reunite with parents in U.S. (n.d.). Retrieved April 16, 2019, from NBC News website: https://www.nbcnews.com/news/investigations/trump-admin-settlement-paves-way-2-700-central-american-children-n994611

Shear, M. D., Jordan, M., & Fernandez, M. (2019, April 10). The U.S. Immigration System May Have Reached a Breaking Point. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/10/us/immigration-border-mexico.html

The ‘real’ border crisis: The US immigration system isn’t built for kids and families. (n.d.). Retrieved April 17, 2019, from Public Radio International website: https://www.pri.org/stories/2019-01-08/real-border-crisis-us-immigration-system-isn-t-built-kids-and-families

Ward, J., & Singhvi, A. (2019, January 11). Trump Claims There Is a Crisis at the Border. What’s the Reality? The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/01/11/us/politics/trump-border-crisis-reality.html

Mexico

United States

License

Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

World Regional Geography Lab Manual by R. Adam Dastrup, MA, GISP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book