Chapter 2: Europe

In this assignment, we will examine Vikings, Magyar, and Islamic invasions and their impact on the development of Europe. Next, we will analyze the causes and chronology of the Crusades between 1095 and 1204. Later, we will compare and contrast Spain’s and Portugal’s early sea explorations to reach Asia. Then we will analyze the birth and diffusion of the Industrial Revolution within Europe. Then we will analyze the geography of post-WWI Europe, Southwest Asia (aka, the Middle East), and the League of Nations. Finally, we will identify the different types of international cooperations since 1945.

Learning Outcomes

  • Trace the paths of invasions in Europe from the 8th to the 11th centuries through time and space. 
  • Identify the causes and effects of invasions on the development of Europe.
  • Describe the geographic and temporal extent of the Crusades.
  • Identify the underlying causes and explain the reasons why individuals joined the Crusades.
  • Compare and contrast Portugal’s and Spain’s early efforts to find a sea route to Asia.
  • Identify the global effects of early European exploration.
  • Compare and contrast pre- and post-industrialized Great Britain.
  • Identify the factors that created industrialization in Great Britain.
  • Identify how the League of Nations divided up the Central Powers Following World War I.
  • Determine which countries did not join the League of Nations.
  • Define NATO, the Warsaw Pact, the United Nations, the European Union, and present-day trade blocks.
  • Explain the different reasons for international cooperation since World War II.

Chapter Sections


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World Regional Geography Lab Manual by R. Adam Dastrup, MA, GISP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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